Adam ate the fruit from the tree of the knowledge of Good and Bad. And today we certainly have that knowledge in abundance. The penalty for this sin was stated by God as:
17 But as for the tree of the knowledge of good and bad you must not eat from it, for in the day you eat from it [as regards] dying you will die (Genesis 2).
This is quite obviously a prophecy that Adam will eat from it. Eve recited this penalty to Satan saying:
3 But as for [eating] of the fruit of the tree that is in the middle of the garden, God has said: You must not eat from it, no, you must not touch it that you do not die (Genesis 3).
They both ate from this tree and they both died as humans (Eve however did not die as an angel - she was raptured). But neither died on the literal day that they ate. On the other hand the world was not created in 6 literal days. It was created is 6 very large 'equal' (modulo 6 changes in the speed of light - see U234) time periods ‘days’ or 'epochs'. Like Queen Victoria’s ‘day’. A great scriptural example of the Holy Spirit using the word 'day to mean more than one day is the inauguration of the altar of the tabernacle in Numbers7...
11 So Jehovah said to Moses: One chieftain on one day and another chieftain on another day is the way they will present their offering for the inauguration of the altar.
12 Now the one presenting his offering on the first day proved to be Nahshon the son of Amminadab of the tribe of Judah.
18 On the second day Nethanel the son of Zuar, the chieftain of Issachar, made a presentation.
24 On the 3rd day there was the chieftain for the sons of Zebulun, Eliab the son of Helon.
30 On the 4th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Reuben, Elizur the son of Shedeur.
36 On the 5th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Simeon, Shelumiel the son of Zurishaddai.
42 On the 6th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Gad, Eliasaph the son of Deuel.
48 On the 7th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Ephraim, Elishama the son of Ammihud.
54 On the 8th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Manasseh, Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur.
60 On the 9th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Benjamin, Abidan the son of Gideoni.
66 On the 10th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Dan, Ahiezer the son of Ammishaddai.
72 On the 11th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Asher, Pagiel the son of Ochran.
78 On the 12th day there was the chieftain for the sons of Naphtali, Ahira the son of Enan.
84 This was the inauguration offering of the altar on the day of its being anointed, on the part of the chieftains of Israel: 12 silver dishes, 12 silver bowls, 12 gold cups; (Numbers 7 NWT)
So the word day in verse 84 is in fact 12 literal days long. Whereas each creative day (evening and morning) was actually 14,400 years long as measured in years where the speed of light takes the value that it does today, 300,000,000 metres per second). So the ‘day’ that 'Adam' who stands for 'Adam and his progeny' eat from this tree is the entire period during which humans die. This period has an end, as any time period does, hence the famous scripture:
4 And he will wipe out every tear from their eyes, and death will be no more, neither will mourning nor outcry nor pain be anymore. The former things have passed away (Revelation 21).
Whilst we take in this knowledge of Good and Bad, i.e. whilst we learn at school right from wrong, we die dying, i.e. we age and die (or in Hebrew idiom as regards dying, we die). But in the next system, the 1,000 year kingdom of God, after Armageddon, we, Adam’s sons, do not die dying. We do not age and only some of us die (those who do not learn). So the ‘day’ referred to in Genesis 2:17, is this system from Adam’s sin until we stop dying, some time after the end of the 1,000 year kingdom. So it appears to be the first half (the first 7200 years) of the 7th creative day, which half actually runs from 3993Nisan14 BC to 3208Nisan14 AD. During the 7th creative day of Genesis 1, God rests from his creative works.
When Adam and Eve were thrown out of the Garden we read:
22 And Jehovah God went on to say: Here the man has become like
one of us in knowing good and bad, and now in order that he may not put his hand out and actually take [fruit] also from the
tree of life [be sealed into the ARC.
This sealing did not begin until the 5th millennium after Adam sinned i.e. from
8 to 1008 AD. So the apostles were the first men to be sealed on 33Sivan5]
and eat and live to time indefinite...
23 With that Jehovah God put him out of the garden of Eden to cultivate the ground from which he had been taken (Genesis 3).
Adam was thrown out in order that he could not eat from the tree of life, the tree of knowledge is conspicuously absent from God's words. So we deduce that he (him and his progeny) were still able to eat from that tree outside the garden. Yet the garden and the tree of life were not destroyed, Adam was merely evicted. So there will be a time when we humans will return to this garden. This time is the establishment of the Kingdom of God, on earth.
The ground from which he had been taken in symbolic terms is pre-adamic man! see .
So Adam had a death penalty pronounced on him, but God gave him a stay of execution long enough for his to procreate and create what is now the entire human race, through Noah. Although Adam was not the only human around at his creation, for Homo Sapiens had been around for a long time before Adam turned up, see - Millions of years of human fossils reconciled with Genesis at last!
So we, his sons, live today only because of this stay of execution on Adam’s death sentence. Now Adam can only pass on to his children the life that he himself has. This life is subject to a death sentence. So we all have the same life that he had, life subject to a death sentence, life subject to Adam's death sentence in fact. So we are all under the very same death sentence. Paul explains:
12 That is why, just as through one man sin entered into the world
and death through sin, so also death spread to all men because they had all
sinned. For until the Law, sin was in the world, but sin is not charged against
anyone when there is no law (Romans 5).
This scripture is saying that death spread to all men through one man, Adam. This death is not due to the personal sins of each man, because we are told that sin is not charged where there is no law, and most men are not, or have not been, under any law (from God). So the sin that we all carry is the unpaid sin of Adam. It is this which is the cause of our death. The death of course is physically as a result of our ageing bodies which fall apart today after a maximum of 120 years (a limit that came into force during the life of Moses who lived 120 years to the day - see I15). Adam's sin has been paid for today by Jesus, but Adam has not yet been resurrected as a human, since the human part of the ransom has not yet been applied to Adam, who was human but was also born again aged 30 having an associated angel. But at the time that Adam's children were born, the sin was still unpaid, these children inherited the death sentence of Adam, which sentence is entirely executed through their ageing bodies. We are victims of this sentence through our bodies today, notwithstanding the ransom of the Christ.
Please realise that we age and die due to the sin of Adam, not due to our own sin. Charles Manson, Jack the ripper, Osama Bin Laden, Adolf Hitler, Ariel Sharon, Pol Pot, Robert Mugabe, and all of the other lying and murdering sons of Adam have not broken God's law, because they were none of them under God's law. It is even possible, if they truly have obeyed their consciences, that they may be resurrected into the Kingdom of God - this is a matter for God, not for man. For only the true people of God are under God's law, and these one's do not suffer the penalty of physical death today for breaking it. On the contrary they suffer expulsion from God's true people. So there is no man who by his own works, be they exemplary or not quite so exemplary, can either condemn himself or save himself. We have all died due to Adam, independent of our works. But at Armageddon the situation is quite different. If one obeys one's conscience, if one loves God or, and we say or, if one loves the true people of God (without joining them), or if one joins the true people of God, then one may be saved by this integrity or by this love or by this faith respectively. Yes, those ones will not die at all:
14 For whenever people of the nations that do not have
law do by nature the things of the law, these people, although not having law are a law to themselves.
15 They are the very ones who demonstrate the matter of the law to be written in their hearts, while their conscience is bearing witness with them and, between their own thoughts, they are being accused or even excused.
16 This will be in the day when God through Christ Jesus judges the secret things of mankind, according to the good news I declare (Romans 2).
40 And in reply the king will say to them, 'Truly I say to you, To the extent that you did it to one of the least of these my brothers, you did it to me (Matthew 25).
At this point the writer must point out that spirituality involves the use of multi step thought processes, not single step thought processes (which are in general animalistic). For example the statement: Well, if Jesus truly had paid the penalty for Adam then no one would be dying today and Adam would be alive! Is false and results from a single step thought process. It is a good question to ask, however! But God wants us to think about the answer, not to jump to one step animalistic instinctive knee jerk conclusions. There is more than one step in God's plan for the salvation of Adam and his sons. Peter and Jude refer to this lack of spirituality as follows:
12 But these [men], like unreasoning animals born naturally to be
caught and destroyed, will, in the things of which they are ignorant and speak
abusively, even suffer destruction in their own [course of] destruction (2 Peter
10 Yet these [men] are speaking abusively of all the things they really do not know; but all the things that they do understand naturally like the unreasoning animals, in these things they go on corrupting themselves (Jude 10).
Adam, before he sinned, had an indefinitely lasting human body, and he had judicial second life (he was born again angelically). This means that he had an associated angel in heaven with his name on it. He was born again after he was born if you like - see Intro12. In other words he was not under a first death sentence (the death of the human body) or a second death sentence (the death of the angelic body). Every one who has judicial second life is an angelic son of God. Adam had one soul at his birth, the indefinitely lasting human soul. Then aged 30 he was born again angelically, gaining a second soul which was his angelic soul. So in the majestic wisdom of God, the greatest of all the teachers, Adam looked as though he was inferior to the angels, since his human soul was inferior to any angelic soul, but since he also possessed an invisible angelic soul as well, he was actually superior at creation to Michael, Gabriel and Satan. For these three were created with Angelic souls only, whereas Adam was created with both Angelic and indefinite human souls. Now there was the root of Satan's jealousy.
Had Adam procreated before he sinned, then his children would likewise have had indefinitely lasting non ageing human bodies and judicial second life (associated angelic bodies). This does not defy God's principle that: Since we have free will, we have to demonstrate some loyalty and gratitude before he grants us everlasting life...
16 Now, look! a certain one came up to him and said:
Teacher, what good must I do in order to get everlasting life?
17 He said to him: Why do you ask me about what is good? One there is that is good. If, though, you want to enter into life, observe the commandments continually (Matthew 19).
Because Adam died and any one of his sons could likewise have died since Adam and his hypothetical edenic sons had and would have had indefinitely lasting life, not everlasting life. In fact the judicial condition of man in the Garden of Eden is the judicial condition of man on the earth during the 1,000 year Kingdom of God.
Adam sinned before he procreated so he passed on instead a death sentence through our ageing bodies. But Jesus, at the time of Adam's sin, stepped in with an oath, saying that he himself would pay for that sin with his angelic soul. That agreement is the master covenant between God and Jesus through which all men are saved (angelically):
5 For [there is] one God, and one mediator between
God and men, a man, Christ Jesus.
6 The one who gave himself as a corresponding ransom for all [ones] (1 Timothy 2).
This master covenant has been missed by every religion of the second presence (as far as we are aware). But it is not the whole story - see .
There are many sub-mediators between God and man (sons of Adam). There was Abraham, Moses, etc, but all of their covenants were dependant on a master covenant between God and actually either Michael or Gabriel or Melchizedek. The Master covenants provide that Jesus should ransom Adam angelically and Gabriel should ransom the human soul actually of Noah. Melchizedek gave his non adamic human soul for all humans, sons of Adam and pre-adamics who had or have faith in God. So no man covenants with God without going through one of these three angels, and here is why the two cherubs (Gabriel and Melchizedek) sat upon the ark of the covenant (which is Michael), the saving means of mankind through the Angelic Ransom Covenant, 'the covenant', the angelic master covenant, the ARC. The Master Church Covenant of Gabriel we call the Church Ransom Covenant, or the CRC - see U9.
Now our God cannot lie, and neither should his sons. He takes his sons at their word. So once Jesus (who was the angel Michael after his baptism by John - see Intro16) had given his word, then God treated him as if he had already ransomed Adam. This meant that the Fatherhood rights that Adam had before he sinned now belonged to Michael, who was bound by agreement to pay for them with his everlasting angelic soul.
So what Adam was no longer able to give us, namely and indefinitely lasting human body and judicial life as manifested by having an associated angelic body, Jesus and in fact Methuselah (who was Gabriel) were now able to give us instead through their two master covenants and their two ransoms. Hence the prophet declares:
6 For there has been a child born to us, there has been a son
given to us; and the princely rule will come to be upon his shoulder. And his name will be called Wonderful
Counsellor, Mighty God, Eternal Father, Prince of Peace. (Isaiah 9).
Adam is our temporary father, the father of our current bodies. Methuselah (Gabriel) is our indefinitely lasting father, the father of our indefinitely long lasting human bodies (for those of us who get them) actually through Isaac, via a 'water baptism'. But the father of our angelic bodies, our judicial life, through the first new covenant, the second new covenant and through various other pre and post-abrahamic sub-covenants of the ARC, via a spirit baptism, which is a washing in the blood of the sub-mediator of the relevant covenant, is Jesus (Michael). He is therefore our eternal father.
But Jesus does not just adopt anyone. No, there are adoption procedures for sons of the true God, and these are what all of the salvation covenants in the bible are about.
So the above is why we all die and how we are all saved. It is a simple matter of Fatherhood. God says:
4 Look! All the souls to me they belong. As the soul of the father so likewise the soul of the son, to me they belong (Ezekiel 18).
God owns Adam's soul, this being the penalty for his sin. Adam will get his human soul back just before the end of the 1,000 year Kingdom of God. But God knew that Adam would sin and he wants to adopt all of us as his sons and daughters. He wants us all to be saved:
16 For God loved the world so much that he gave his only-begotten Son, in order that everyone exercising faith in him might not be destroyed but have everlasting life (John 3).
9 [The] Lord is not slow respecting his promise, as some people consider slowness, but he is patient with you because he does not desire any to be destroyed but desires all to attain to repentance (2 Peter 3).
10 the One telling from the beginning the
finale, and from long ago the things that have not been done; the One saying, 'My own
counsel will stand, and everything that is my delight I shall do'
So having set a price on the redemption of Adam, as an indefinitely long living human soul and an angelic soul, God paid the price himself with two of his angelic sons. But Michael died as an angel inside Jesus, whereas Gabriel only died as a human inside Methuselah. Michael paid the ultimate price, hence he became God's only begotten son. Legally, Jesus, who wasn’t a son of Adam wasn’t under a death penalty himself.
The scriptures describe this ransom as follows:
5 For there is one God, and one mediator between God and men, a man, Christ
6 who gave himself a corresponding ransom for all, which is to be witnessed to at its own particular times (1 Timothy 2).
22 For just as in Adam all are dying, so also in the Christ all will be made alive (1 Corinthians 15).
The ransom was simple, it was soul for soul as stipulated in the Law of Moses in the case of damages:
22 And in case men should struggle with each other and they really hurt a
pregnant woman and her children do come out but no fatal accident occurs, he is
to have damages imposed upon him without fail according to what the owner of the
woman may lay upon him; and he must give it through the justices.
23 But if a fatal accident should occur, then you must give soul for soul,
24 eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
25 branding for branding, wound for wound, blow for blow (Exodus 21).
17 And in case a man strikes any soul of mankind fatally, he should be put to
death without fail.
18 And the fatal striker of the soul of a domestic animal should make compensation for it, soul for soul.
19 And in case a man should cause a defect in his associate, then just as he has done, so it should be done to him.
20 Fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth; the same sort of defect he may cause in the man, that is what should be caused in him.
21 And the fatal striker of a beast should make compensation for it, but the fatal striker of a man should be put to death (Leviticus 24).
No son of Adam can offer his soul to God as a ransom for Adam because his soul is already given to the heavenly court, owned by God, as is Adam’s soul. This is not because God visits the sins of Fathers on to their sons, it is because Adam had all of his children after the death penalty was incurred. So his children are owned by the maker of the penalty, the judge, God. It is purely a question of timing.
However a man who is not a son of Adam can ransom Adam, by giving up his soul. Of course the soul must not be under any death penalty, so it must be free from sin at the time of it’s offering. In Jesus’ case this meant that he had to obey the law of Moses. Something that no other man was able fully to do. This was a rather more difficult test than obeying the law of the tree in the garden. But there again Jesus was a rather more experienced test pilot.
From a legal standpoint, once Adam is finally resurrected as a human, all of his sons who have not at that point been resurrected as humans can never again be humans. And once he is resurrected as a human, this being the result of applying the human ransom for him, none of his resurrected sons can die from his death sentence any more. At this point God would be unrighteous if Adam's sons continued to exist in ageing dying bodies.
The next question is: If all of these Christians who have been adopted as sons of the eternal father Jesus, through his fatherhood rights, are saved by a future ransom, then why do they die?
The answer is because it is a future ransom. They are saved subject to various conditions. The 1NC saints for example are baptised into the sacrificial death of the Christ. The apostle St. Paul explains this:
3 Or do you not know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? (Romans 6).
So they are baptised into a sacrificial death with everlasting life afterwards. They get the same deal that Jesus got in this respect.
For further information of the 2 Ransoms of Jesus for Adam and his sons please see I28