[153] The first and last century fulfillments of the 1290 and 1335 days of Daniel 12

The 1290 days and the 1335 days are Gabriel’s answer to Daniel’s question:

8 Oh my Lord, what will be the final part of the things ? (Daniel 12).

The first fulfillment of this question was in the final part of the Jewish system of things. We can define a last week, of 7 years of the physical Jewish system. This is not a week of Daniel 9:27, because there is no covenant associated with it. But Titus arrived in 70Nisan around Nisan14, at the end of the last week of years and Cestius arrived in 66Tishri, at the half of the week. At the arrival of Cestius those in Judea started to flee to the mountains, and those in the midst of Jerusalem started to withdraw as commanded and prophesied by Jesus:

15 Therefore, when you catch sight of the disgusting thing that causes desolation, as spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in a holy place, let the reader use discernment,
16 then let those in Judea begin fleeing to the mountains (Matthew 24).

14 However, when you catch sight of the disgusting thing that causes desolation standing where it ought not, let the reader use discernment, then let those in Judea begin fleeing to the mountains (Mark 13).

20 Furthermore, when you see Jerusalem surrounded by encamped armies, then know that the desolating of her has drawn near.
21 Then let those in Judea begin fleeing to the mountains, and let those in the midst of her withdraw, and let those in the country places not enter into her (Luke 21).

44 Because days will come upon you, when your enemies will build around you a fortification with pointed stakes, and will encircle you and distress you from every side. And they will dash you and your children within you to the ground. And they will not leave a stone upon a stone in you, because you did not discern the time of your being inspected (Luke 19).

So Jesus himself said that the flight to Judea was a fulfillment of Daniel, basically of Daniel 12. The history of the great tribulation and of Armageddon for the Jews in Jerusalem according to Josephus went like this:

66Tishri22 

Cestius arrives at Gabao and Jews go out to attack on the sabbath, in fact the solemn assembly (i.e. sabbath of the festival of booths)

66Tishri23,24,25 Cestius tarries at Gabao 3 days, whilst Jews seize elevated parts around
66Tishri26 Cestius attacks Jews & moves his camp to Scopus 'Watchtower'!?
66Tishri27,28,29  Cestius makes no assault for 3 days, collects corn from nearby villages
66Tishri30  Cestius enters the city of David
66Heshvan5 

Cestius breaks through temple wall with Roman tortoise, retreats to Scopus, 'Watchtower', 'without any reason in the world', Daniel 12:11, Matthew 24:16, Mark 13:14, Luke 21:22 fulfilled.

66Heshvan6  Cestius retreats to Gabao
66Heshvan8  Cestius retreats to Bethoron and gets taken apart by the Jews
66Heshvan9  Cestius escapes to Antipatris losing 400 men, the rearguard.
70Nisan14  Titus pitches camp by the city (bk5.13.7)
70Nisan23  Siege commences
70Iyyar7  Romans take the first wall on the 15th day of the siege
70Iyyar12  Romans take and then lose the second wall
70Iyyar16  Romans retake second wall
70Iyyar21  Romans begin to raise banks against the 3rd wall
70Iyyar29  Jews brake down the ramparts of one of the banks
70Sivan1 

Jews destroy the rest of the ramparts, Jews reach camp at Scopus, Titus intervenes, Jews pushed back to city. Titus decides to build wall round city

70Sivan2 

Titus starts building pointed stakes all round city, 'there came upon the soldiers a certain divine fury??'

70Sivan4  Titus finishes the wall 'in 3 days', 3 full days, and garrisons it
70Sivan5 

Immediately upon finishing, in the first watch of the night Titus inspects the wall. Escape now impossible for the first time (defection still possible), Luke 19:43 is fulfilled

70Sivan10  Titus starts raising his final banks.
70Tammuz1 

Romans finish their final banks, whole place is devoid of trees for 90 furlongs all around. Manneus the gate keeper of all dead bodies taken out of the city paid for by public stipend 115,880 bodies, in all defected & lots of other eminent men followed, 600,000 poor thrown out of the gates.
Jews attack new ramparts and fail, and Romans batter and undermine the 3rd wall a bit. Final assault begins. Mid point of Armageddon for Jerusalem. The last day that Josephus records defectors as leaving.

70Tammuz2  3rd wall falls down due in the night, revealing a further wall built by John.
70Tammuz3  Sabinus and 11 others have a crack at the new wall
70Tammuz5 

Romans take tower of Antonia, battle from 9th hour of night to 7th hour of day ensues

70Tammuz17 

Physical Constant feature ceased in temple for the first time, Titus orders demolition of tower of Antonia and building of a road to temple for legions

70Tammuz19 

Josephus speaks on behalf of Titus, explaining how the Romans had accepted to be put to death if they ventured into the sanctuary, the inner temple, and out of respect for the holy place had allowed a sign in Greek and Hebrew to this extent. Pleads not to defile the sanctuary but to fight elsewhere. Jews make insolent reply. Titus gives orders to besiege the temple starting at the 9th hour of the night. Those who had fled to Romans and been saved in Gophna, by Caesar's decree, were paraded round the wall, OK

70Tammuz20 

Titus makes his first assault on the temple itself from the 9th hour of the night to the 5th hour of the day, with selected troops, through the breach

70Tammuz22 

Jews set north west cloister adjoining the tower of Antonia on fire, to halt the advance of the Romans, thereby beginning the burning of the temple, and another group made an attack on the Roman wall outside to try to escape the famine, at 11th hour of the day, 'after one day had interposed since the Romans ascended the breach'

70Tammuz23  Legions finish the road and come near to the court of the Gentiles
70Tammuz24 

Romans set fire to the adjacent cloister, the tower of Antonia is separated from the temple, general fighting in the court of the Gentiles

70Ab10  Titus burns the sanctuary
70Elul8  Jerusalem finally taken, after 5 months (135 days from Nisan23)

The above is taken from Josephus 'Wars of the Jews' book2 chapter19 and books 5&6. In book 6 chapter2, 'in the meantime' of section 7 is 7 days, and the 'in the meantime' of section 9 is that day.

Jerusalem at the end

But as for the richer sort, it proved all one to them whether they stayed in the city or attempted to get out of it, for they were equally destroyed in both cases. For every such person was put to death under this pretense, that they were going to desert - but in reality that the robbers might get what they had. The madness of the seditious did also increase together with their famine, and both those miseries were every day inflamed more and more. For there was no corn which anywhere appeared publicly, but the robbers came running into, and searched men’s private houses. And then if they found any, they tormented them, because they had denied they had any. And if they found none, they tormented them worse, because they supposed they had more carefully concealed it. The indication they made use of whether they had any or not, was taken from the bodies of these miserable wretches. Which, if they were in good case, they supposed were in no want at all of food. But if they were wasted away, they walked off without searching any farther…..Children pulled the very morsels that their fathers were eating out of their very mouths, and what is still more to be pitied, so did the mothers do as to their infants….But the readiest way of all was this: to suborn somebody to affirm that they were resolved to desert to the enemy. And he who was utterly despoiled of what he had by Simon, was sent back again to John, as of those who had already been plundered by John, Simon got what remained, insomuch that they drank the blood of the populace to one another, and divided the dead bodies of the poor creature between them. So that although on account of their ambition after dominion, they contended with each other, yet did they very well agree in their wicked practices. For he that did not communicate what he had got by the miseries of others to the other tyrant, seemed to be too little guilty, and in one respect only. And he that did not partake of what was so communicated to him, grieved at this, as at the loss of what was a valuable thing, that he had no share in such barbarity ! (Josephus, Wars of the Jews book 5 chapter 10).

At Armageddon, the ‘enemy’ will be not be the Romans, it will be the spiritual Roman’s the true religion, us! It’s like the prophet said:

Into the streets they will throw their very silver, and an abhorrent thing their own gold will become. Neither their silver nor their gold will be able to deliver them in the day of Jehovah's fury. Their souls they will not satisfy, and their intestines they will not fill, for it has become a stumbling block causing their error (Ezekiel 7:19).

The Status of Josephus’ work

The actions of Cestius and Titus, were inspired. Cestius arrived on the day that Jehovah wanted him to arrive on and he left because when he broke into the temple the fear of God came upon him so that he left 'without any reason in the world'. Likewise Titus was the anointed executioner of Jehovah's people, he was the antetypical Jehu, if you like. Jesus, as we shall see, and Daniel prophesied about both of their actions. Now this puts us in a very interesting situation as regards Josephus' work. For he is the only historian whose works we have today to describe the end of the Jewish system and it is apparent that God's servants will need to know the historical details of how Jerusalem fell in order to see the fulfillments of the words of Jesus and of Daniel. Therefore it must be God's will that we acquaint ourselves with the works of Josephus.

Furthermore had Josephus not written his history or had it not been preserved down to this day, then we would not have been able to see the fulfillments to these predictions. So we now see that it was God's will that Josephus wrote his account, and therefore his salvation from death and his birds eye view of things from the camp of the Romans were providential, being a result of the activities of Almighty God.

But things go further than this, we shall actually see that Josephus was the spokesman to the Jews throughout their desolation, for Titus, who was God's executioner. So who really was speaking to the Jews when they were being executed, was it a Roman general? Was it a Jewish historian? Or was it Jehovah God, through his word Jesus Christ.

We are not here making a case that Josephus' works, or such of them that refer to the fall of Jerusalem are canonical or scriptural. But we are making the case that his actions were inspired, as were those of Titus and Cestius. For the bible is an inspired account of true actions, whereas Josephus is a true account of inspired actions. The bible in many places is actually an inspired account of inspired actions, but not all the actions in the bible were inspired from God, for the bible is a catalogue of sin.

So the exact wording of Josephus is irrelevant since his words themselves are not inspired, it is not the case that every jot and tilda of his will be fulfilled. However it is the case that every action which he has recorded to do with the fall of Jerusalem, including his own, may in fact be an inspired action, and many of these actions were definitely inspired by God. There is a case to be made that all of the actions which he relates to do with the two executioners, Cestius and Titus were inspired, for Gordon is persuaded that no man sets his foot in the holy place for the purpose of destroying it except at the inspiration of Jehovah. However I do not make this case here.

Although Josephus was a Jew, not a Christian, at the time of the end for Jerusalem, it is apparent from his words that he loved God and that he loved men and that he loved truth, for he went to great lengths in his attempts to preserve all three of these. Having seen his beloved city despoiled by his own brothers and polluted by their greed violence lust hatred immorality and idolatry, and having seen the true God deal with this at first hand, it must have been with great pleasure that he later became a Christian, when someone explained to him that his majestic father had by no means deserted him. And having related in detail, the blindness and insanity of his brothers in earthly Jerusalem, the true God saw fit to open his eyes to the soundness of mind that comes from knowledge not only of the true God, but also of the one whom he sent forth to us from heavenly Jerusalem.

The Fall of Jerusalem

Cestius' arrival on Tishri22, the sabbath of the festival of Booths, the day of the Solemn assembly, the final day of the festival of the last ingathering is entirely apposite. The perfect day for him to arrive.

Josephus himself remarks with some amazement that Zerubbabel's temple was destroyed/burnt by Titus on 70Ab10 the same day, according to the Jewish calendar that Nebuchadnezzar burnt Solomon's:

12 And in the 5th month [Ab], on the 10th day of the month, that is in the 19th year of king Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan, the chief of the bodyguard, who was standing before the king of Babylon, came into Jerusalem. 
13 And he proceeded to burn the house of Jehovah and the house of the king and all the houses of Jerusalem, and every great house he burned with fire (Jeremiah 52:12,13).

So Titus retired into the tower of Antonia, and resolved to storm the temple the next day, early in the morning, with his whole army, and to encamp round about the holy house. But, as for that house, God had for certain long ago doomed it to the fire. And now that fatal day was come, according to the revolution of ages. It was the 10th day of the month Lous (Ab), upon which it was formerly burnt by the king of Babylon (War of the Jews book 6 Chapter 4)

We do not know why these two burnings of the first and second temples, both occurred on the same day.

Now it is a matter of record that the Great Tribulation of Matthew 24, for the Jewish system, occurred during the period from the exit of Cestius until the arrival of Titus, and the Armageddon for the Jew was the siege of Titus. Josephus' description of the city after Cestius left was:

After this calamity had befallen Cestius, many of the most eminent of the Jews swam away from the city, as from a ship when it was going to sink (Wars of the Jews book2 chapter20).

It is further a matter of record that the anointed Christians obeyed the commandment of Jesus and did indeed start fleeing to the hills of Perea when they saw Cestius arrive. So as for the Jews, they had a 3˝ year great tribulation, and as for the anointed Christians they escaped and avoided this tribulation, spending it in the hills.

Cestius took the temple wall on 66Heshvan5, at this time he constituted the disgusting thing that causes desolation standing where it ought not and in 'a holy place'. At this moment in history, both parts of Daniel's criterion were fulfilled, namely the disgusting thing that causes desolation had been placed in the temple (Cestius) and the constant feature had been removed (since non one felt like offering up a sacrifice in front of Cestius). At that time, on that very day, the most astonishing thing happened, which was truly an act of God, Josephus relates with amazement:

It then happened that Cestius was not conscious either how the besieged despaired of success, nor how courageous the people were for him, and he recalled his soldiers from the place, and by despairing of any expectation of taking it, without having received any disgrace, he retired from the city, without any reason in the world (Josephus, Wars of the Jews, book2, chapter 19).

God had melted his heart. This enabled the rest of the Christians to flee to the hills, and so on this day, 66Heshvan5, we have a fulfillment of the conditions for the start of the 1290 days of Daniel 12:11.

The next event that the holy word mentions in the story of the end of Jerusalem, is as mentioned above:

44 Because days will come upon you, when your enemies will build around you a fortification with pointed stakes, and will encircle you and distress you from every side. And they will dash you and your children within you to the ground. And they will not leave a stone upon a stone in you, because you did not discern the time of your being inspected (Luke 19).

This wall was finished at the very end of 70Sivan4, and the first watch in the night of 70Sivan5, was when Titus was able to make his inspection of the completed and fully garrisoned wall. So at this time there was no further escape for the Jews and Armageddon had begun. If you like the means of physical salvation, the antitype of which is the Abrahamic covenant, the means of spiritual salvation, or physical salvation after 2008Nisan14, had ended. Now 70Sivan5 is 1290 days after 66Heshvan5. Or counting inclusively the 1290 days runs from 66Heshvan5 to 70Sivan4, the last day of possible salvation, before the wall was garrisoned and inspected by Titus. This was the first century fulfilment of Daniel 12:11. But there is more yet that we can glean from this prophetic destruction. For the fleeing to the hills in the bible is the start of the great tribulation:

16 Let those in Judea begin fleeing to the mountains.
17 Let the man on the housetop not come down to take the goods out of his house, 
18 and let the man in the field not return to the house to pick up his outer garment.
19 Woe to the pregnant women and those suckling a baby in those days!
20 Keep praying that your flight may not occur in wintertime, nor on the sabbath day,
21 for then there will be great tribulation, such as has not occurred since the world's beginning until now, no nor will occur again (Matthew 24).

This scripture refers to the last tribulation of the Jewish system in the literal meaning of Matthew 24, and also to the last tribulation of this system in the word symbolic meaning. What this means is that the 1290 days of Daniel 12, in their second fulfillment relate to a period at the end of the Lord's day not the start of it. Furthermore, as in the first century fulfillment the days must end at the end of the system.

As regards the 1335 days, well again counting from Cestius' invasion of the temple, on 66Heshvan5, which was the beginning of the flight to the hills, we end up on 70Tammuz19. But this was the day when Titus ordered the siege of the temple to start at the 9th hour of the night (which was in the next Hebrew day), and this day, 70Tammuz19, was the day that the Jews inside Jerusalem saw those who had escaped and had been sent to Gophna for their own safety being paraded round the wall of the city all alive and fine.

This is just amazing, because Gophna is standing for Zoar, in the account of Sodom, and in the 20th century fulfillment, Zoar begins on 2012Sivan16, with the priestly appointment of FDS4 over it on 2012Ab16, late late Zoar first fruits. But the destruction of the Great Tribulation does not start until after all the heavenly baptized 2NC saints are in Zoar by 2017Heshvan14, the 3rd Watchtower Passover, which all Israel attends according to 2Chronciels7. Because as God said to Lot:

22 I am not able to do a thing until your arriving there (Genesis 19).

This is occurring not because the words of Josephus were inspired but because the actions of Titus and even of Josephus were inspired, for these two were Jehovah's anointed executioner and spokesman to his people at the end of the Jewish system.

66Heshvan5                                      70Sivan4                             70Tammuz19
X____________________________X_____________________X
                1290 days                                      45 days      

1290+45=1335 days. The Jews used the BLC as their Hebrew Calendar back then. They started the new year so that the Passover fell after the spring equinox.

66Heshvan5 Cestius enters temple, the disgusting thing in the holy place, and then retreats without a reason in the world.
70Sivan4 Titus finishes the 'fortification with pointed stakes' (Luke 19:43) Jerusalem is surrounded, the only escape is now to the Romans (prefigures 2012Ab16, after which the only escape is to Zoar)
70Tammuz19 Titus parades those who have fled to the Romans and been saved alive in Gophna around the wall. Then he starts the final assault on the temple. 

First Century

66Heshvan5                                          70Sivan4
X______________________________X
                     
1290days[inc]                                        

66Heshvan5                                          70Tammuz19
X______________________________X
                     
1335days[inc]                                        

66Tishri26                                             70Ab10
X______________________________X
                     
1365days[inc]                                        

The 1290 days (Daniel 12) runs from the abomination to finishing of the wall of pointed sticks ending escape
The 1335 days (Daniel 12) runs from the abomination of Cestius to the parading of escapees from Jerusalem
The 1365 days (Numbers 3) runs from the start of the attack by Cestius to the burning of the temple.

21st Century

End of acceptance of Watchtower Field Service     End of the ARC world.
2004Elul14                                                                 2008Nisan14
X________________________________________X
                     
1290days[ex]                                        

End of Laodicean constant feature       End of Laodicea physically. All the 1NC reserves join Zoar.
2013Shebat1                                         2017Elul10
X______________________________X
                     
1290days[ex]                                        

End of Satan's Heavenly viewpoint       Repentance of Satan - the end of Lucifer being Satan.
2014Nisan14                                         2017Heshvan14
X______________________________X
                     
1290days[ex]                                        

2008Tishri1/2                                          2012Sivan16 (LWs become non adamic)
X______________________________X
                     
1335days[inc]                                        

The 1290 days (Daniel 12) is the time left to the end of the system after the end of the constant feature of the Watchtower (field service)
The 1290 days (Daniel 12) is the time left to the end of Laodicea physically after the end of its constant feature (authority over saints)
The 1290 days (Daniel 12) is the time left to the end of not of the Dragon but of Satan

The 1335 days (Daniel 12) is the time from the start of the first secular year kingdom of God/the appointment of the Kingdom Holy Spirit as priests to the LWs to gaining of non adamic Isaaic bodies by the true church.

For more on the final fulfilments of the 1335 days please see U152.